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In this search you can find faculty members in a particular area of research, or browse the wide variety of research happening at the U of M.

Our faculty members have maintained information about their research expertise and interests, current teaching areas and other activities. They manage their information from the My Research Tools (MRT) website. More information about MRT is available Visit Research tools here.

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Charron, Andrea (Andrea E.)

Professor, Political Studies


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Canadian Defence


International Affairs

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Research Description

I have a diverse range of research interests within the very broad field of international relations (IR). I have conducted at the University of Manitoba which range from sanctions, to NORAD, to the Arctic – all published in key IR journals and published edited volumes.

I have provided testimony to the House of Commons and to the Senate of Canada on numerous occasions, interviewed by the media in all formats and regularly provide guest lectures at Canadian Forces College and Barker College at 17 Wing Winnipeg. While they are also examples of service, these activities require some of the most challenging research opportunities given the particularly sensitive and emotional topics under discussion and the requirement to avoid the pressure that comes with bending to popular opinion at the time. I have been invited to observe a number of military exercises including Operation Nanook in the Arctic in Resolute and I brought students with me on a Hercules to witness SAREX and a tour of the Great Lakes on HMCS Goose Bay (707). They are experiences the students will never forget. It provides them learning opportunities far beyond the textbook and takes them of the classroom and into the community.

Teaching Description

To achieve my ultimate goal of practically-based pedagogy, I have an “anything but textbook” approach to teaching. Rather than reading about the world, I invite subject matter experts to share their experiences with my students. In my graduate seminar course on Contemporary Strategic Studies (POLS7850) I invite members of the Canadian Armed Forces, RCMP and Canadian Coast Guard to engage in a panel discussion about “security” in the world. The invitations serve two, related purposes. First, it is an opportunity for students to see uniformed officers in person and ask them questions – an opportunity rarely afforded the general population. Second, these subject matter experts have very different perspectives on what “security” entails, who or what agency is responsible for establishing/maintaining it, by what methods and to what ends. Often, the literature suggests security is an either/or proposition: a state is either secure or under threat. However, the very lively panel discussion demonstrates that there are a myriad of factors and perspectives to consider and that security prognoses are but one of many examples of international relations as both an art and science.

Public/Media (Non-Technical) Description

Dr. Andrea Charron holds a PhD from the Royal Military College of Canada (Department of War Studies). She obtained a Masters in International Relations from Webster University, Leiden, The Netherlands, a Master’s of Public Administration from Dalhousie University and a Bachelor of Science (Honours) from Queen’s University. Her research and teaching areas include NORAD, the Arctic, foreign and defence policy and sanctions. She serves on the DND’s Defence Advisory Board and has published in numerous peer-reviewed journals.

Dr. Charron worked for various federal departments including the Privy Council Office in the Security and Intelligence Secretariat and Canada’s Revenue Agency. She is now Director of the University of Manitoba’s Centre for Defence and Security Studies and Associate Professor in Political Studies.

International Activities

Canadian Defence and Security Network

The Canadian Defence and Security Network consists of more than 30 partners in Canada and beyond, including over one hundred scholars. Based at Carleton University, we aim to bring together academics, policy-makers, military officers, and civil society in Canada and connect them to those elsewhere. We use traditional and social media to amplify the research, and we will be developing a variety of training and networking activities to foster a more inclusive next generation of defence and security scholars, scientists, and policy officers. This $2.5M SSHRC parnership grant will run from 2019 to 2026. I am one of the lead investigators for the Operations tranche of the projects

Partners Carleton + 100 others
Funding Agencies SSRHC
Location Carleton
Countries Canada
Dates 2019 - 2026

International Sanctions Consortium

Main investigator: UN Sanctions and other sanctions regimes.

Launched in 2009, the Targeted Sanctions Consortium, project on the Impacts and Effectiveness of UN Targeted Sanctions, is an international research collaboration engaged in a systematic, comprehensive, multinational study evaluating the effectiveness of UN Targeted Sanctions. Sixteen teams of researchers have adopted a common methodology and template to assess the direct and indirect impacts of UN sanctions, unintended consequences, evasion, and implementation in order to evaluate the effectiveness of different sanctions episodes. To learn more about the project and its participants, review the terms of reference, and view a schedule of events and presentations, please consult:​​internationalgovernance/UN_​​Targeted_Sanctions

Partners UN, Hautes Etudes - Geneva
Funding Agencies Swiss Government, Canadian Government
Location Geneva, CH
Dates 2009 - [none]

An Investigation of Canada�s Sanctions Regimes: Processes, Implementation and Compliance


The substantive goals of this research are twofold. The first is to investigate why, when and how Canada applies sanctions with particular focus on the �how�. This research will form the basis for a book manuscript. The second goal is to generate proposals for action and support to the Canadian departments, institutions and agencies responsible for the implementation of Canada�s sanctions. They included but are not limited to: DFAIT, RCMP, Justice, banks, CBSA and RCA. A practitioners� workshop is planned in year 2 of this 3-year study.

Significance and Timeframes

Canada has adopted new legislation regarding sanctions and has applied more sanctions in the last 10 years than in all years preceding the 2000s. In part, this is a reflection of the increase in the number of UN sanctions regimes which Canada supports as a matter of international law. There is no question that Canada has played an important role at the UN and in the wider international community to improve how UN sanctions generally are monitored and implemented. However, since Kim Richard Nossal�s book Rain Dancing: Sanctions in Canadian and Australian Foreign Policy (1994) no major academic work has focused on Canada�s application of sanctions specifically. And yet, since 1994, there have been a number of institutional developments (including the introduction of new Canadian sanctions legislation, new unilateral as opposed to UN initiated sanctions regimes and a dearth of information about the number of sanctions �busters� caught in Canada) that demand a dedicated investigation.

Funding Agencies University of Manitoba
Location Winnipeg, Ottawa
Dates 2012 - 2015

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